For most of the commercial real estate industry, the recovery has arrived faster than expected. As the pandemic has waned, hotel, retail and multifamily property owners have seen demand return as quickly as it vanished last year. Office owners, unfortunately, weren’t invited to the comeback party. Remote work has compressed leasing demand and has fundamentally changed corporate real estate needs.
Even for businesses intent on returning to the workplace, reopening plans have been delayed indefinitely amid rising COVID infection rates, but office owners have an ace to play.
Over the last year, life science companies—pharmaceutical and biotech companies that occupy lab and research and development space—have experienced record-breaking growth, creating real estate demand strong enough to offset the decline in office leasing.
A Biotech Bull Market
The life science industry is on fire.
In the first half of 2021, venture capital funding hit $26.7 billion, 80% of the total venture capital funding in all of 2020, which was itself a record-breaking year for life science investment. Pharmaceutical and biotech companies are responsible for the vast majority of activity with about $20 billion funneling into those niches alone.
The total scope of investment is even larger. In 2020, a record $70 billion of both private and public capital flooded into life science companies, and this year experts at Cushman & Wakefield expect investment to reach $90 billion, a new record high.
This flood of capital is supporting growth and expansion for established life science companies. In the first half of the year, 59 biotech companies launched an IPO (another new record). Most of these companies are VC-backed, so successful entry into the public markets could support increased investment in smaller companies with future IPO potential.
Where there is growth, real estate investors are bound to follow—so it isn’t surprising that commercial real estate investment into life science assets is also on track to break new records by the end of the year.
By June, life science CRE investment volume hit $9 billion, and pricing reached an average of $500 per square foot, a 50% increase in pricing from just last year. The industry is set to break more growth records over the next few years. A recent report from Newmark said life science is “at the top of the list of secular growth sectors of the economy,” which will only continue to pull in new capital.
Opportunities In New Markets
Boston, San Francisco and San Diego are the three major life science hubs, and they continue to be the most active and highly sought-after markets for life science real estate—but that is changing.
Limited space in those markets has pushed many companies to look for new locations, and city governments are vying for the opportunity. New York City is making the biggest push. In June, Mayor Bill de Blasio and the NYC Economic Development Corporation announced plans to invest $1 billion over the next decade to build lab and research space. The initiative aims to make New York City a major life science hub on par with the big three.
Austin, Denver, Philadelphia, Salt Lake City, Raleigh, Los Angeles and Washington DC are also becoming hotspots for life science real estate. Among these top markets, demand for life science facilities has grown 37% since mid-2020, but select markets are seeing even higher growth in demand.
Demand for lab space has increased 143% in Philadelphia over the last 9 months with 38 tenants looking to occupy 1.5 million square feet of space in the market as of the mid-year. In Denver, life science real estate development demand is up 87.7% with 33 tenants looking to occupy 1.6 million square feet of space. Demand is also rising in the mature market clusters, growing 55% in San Diego with 40 tenants looking for space. In both Boston and San Francisco, demand grew 22% with 108 tenants currently looking for space in Boston and 59 in San Francisco.
Rent growth has followed the soaring demand. All major life science markets have seen at least a 10% bump in rents from mid-2020, but in some stand out markets, rents have surged even higher.
In Philadelphia, life science lease rates are up 35%, for example, and in Washington DC, they are up more than 20%. Office rent appreciation has paled in comparison. Looking at the top five life science markets over the last three years, office rents have grown less than 10%, while lab space and R&D facility rents have increased in the high double digits over the same period.
Creating New Supply
There is a pipeline of more than 16 million square feet of speculative life science space under construction—and it still isn’t enough to meet demand. Nearly one third of the pipeline has already been preleased during construction, even as demand in most markets continues to grow.
With leasing activity decelerating in office, developers are focused on conversion projects. In the top 12 markets, 30% of life science construction is conversion from office, and CBRE researchers expect more office conversion projects as leases expire (and aren’t renewed) next year.
In Los Angeles, Washington DC and Denver, most of the construction pipeline is conversion projects, and in San Diego and New York City, more than half of the pipeline is conversion from offices.
One reason that office conversion projects have been so popular is simply the available space. There is a dearth of developable land for sprawling new buildings in many of these cities. Due to the highly specialized needs of life science facilities—which include more electricity and water and an expansive loading capacity—converting an office building into adequate lab space isn’t always less expensive than a ground-up development.
But, with the significant rent growth and price appreciation in the life science sector, it certainly has the potential to be more profitable than an existing office building. Conversion projects are also faster, taking about 18 months from start to delivery, compared to 2 years for a ground-up development.
And, there is a severe need for more product.
With demand outpacing supply, the top life science clusters are already seeing vacancy rates dip below 5%, and in New York City, Boston and San Francisco—the tightest markets—the vacancy rate is less than 2.5%.
The life science market is heating up at the perfect time—both for office owners looking to backfill space and for life science users looking for a home.
Proactive intelligence technology like Northspyre will help you to capture life science demand. The technology optimizes project delivery for both ground up life science developments or office-to-lab-facility conversions to deliver projects on-time and under budget. Discover how Northspyre helps you bring in more revenue, while the life sciences market is still red hot.